Joyal can supply you related gold rock crushing equipments such as gold rock crusher or gold crusher, for example, gold jaw crusher, gold impact crusher, gold cone crusher and so on. Besides, after crushing stage, Joyal gold rock grinding mill or gold mill are used widely in gold process in rock mining industry. In recent years, Joyal has developed advanced rock crusher-mobile crusher which is applied greatly in rock crushing industry.
In addition to supply gold rock crusher and gold rock grinding mill, we also offer you many related optional equipments such as vibrating feeder, vibratory screen, belt conveyor and sand washing machines. Joyal other industrial machines are also famous in mining industry or stone crushing process such as ball mil, Raymond mill, vertical mill, hydraulic impact crusher, European jaw crusher, hammer crusher, VSI crusher, sand making machine, crawler type mobile crusher and so on.
Gold Mining Equipment
Gold mining equipment has to be tough and durable, because you are usually too far out to simply run to the strock if something breaks or needs replacing.
However, since about 1980 there have been several advancements in basic mining equipment that are really significant. Some of this like underwater metal detectors and suction dredges were developed specifically for gold mining, but some of the gear that can really make you mrock productive and mrock comfortable is general outdoor equipment.
Gold Mining machinery:
Basic mining machinery is pretty much the same as basic landscaping tools, but they need to be extremely well built and easy to pack into remote locations. Look for picks and shovels with fiberglass or steel handles. Maybe you never get fired up enough to break the handle of a shovel doing yard work, but we you hit a hot spot with a lot of color it is easy to get carried away.
Gold in the rock were very low, in order to extract gold, the rock must be processed by gold mine processing plant. In this process, many gold mining types of equipment are used, such as gold refining and purifying equipment, but the rock firstly must be crushed and grinded, thus the gold is separated from the rock. General, using jaw crusher to crush rock first, then using cone crusher to crush rock secondly. Grinding mill machine grind the crushed rock to powder. The final step is to separate glod from the rock.
Jaw crushers is the most common gold mining equipment, and is designed to take big rocks and partially crush them down to a mrock workable size. A large pair of jaws would open and close crushing the rock similar to a nut cracker crushing a nut instead of just cracking it.
Joyal is a gold mining equipments manufacturer in China, supplies all kinds of best mining equipments for gold such as gold crusher, gold grinding mill, screening machines.
Beneficiation process of gold rock
A gold beneficiation process, the process uses two and a half of a closed-circuit crushing, two stage two closed-circuit grinding and flotation and then by selection, selection of its tailings swept away by a rough sorting operations, will be selected tailings and sweep the election together combined rock concentrate regrinding, the high efficiency of this process broken, broken fine-level content and the final product was 81.55%, high crushing capacity, processing capacity per hour is 53. 84 tons, working time is short, and the sorting effect, high-technology index, and the concentrate grade and recovery rates can improve synchronization, high recovery rate targets, increased 3.03%, concentrate grade increased 16.57g / t, power consumption reduced by 21.5%, 18.9% reduction in the cost, the annual cost increase of 8.6012 million yuan.
Throughout the centuries, gold has been recovered from its rocks in many ways. These range from the rocker or long tom of the California Forty-Niner and the noisy stamp mill of the 19th century to modern methods of leaching with cyanide.
Any method of treating gold rocks must take advantage of the natural characteristics of the metal. Cyanide solution, unlike most other liquids, is able to dissolve gold, and thus, is used in the processing of gold rock. When in solution (and in the presence of oxygen), cyanide slowly attacks fine particles of gold and ultimately dissolves them. It is strange, but fortunate (because cyanide is extremely toxic), that a weak cyanide solution attacks the gold particles faster than strong solutions.
For the cyanide to attack the gold particles, it is necessary that the gold first be liberated from the worthless gangue rock which surrounds it because cyanide will not attack or dissolve most other minerals.
Overall, the cyanide process is very efficient. A gold rock containing less than one gram of gold per ton can, in some cases (and depending on the gold price), be profitably treated. A modern cyanide mill recovers or extracts 95% to 98% of the gold in the rock.
In a cyanide mill, lime and cyanide are added to the rock pulp in the grinding circuit. The lime has several functions: it protects the cyanide from being destroyed by naturally occurring chemicals called cyanicides and improves the settlement rate of the pulp in the thickening stage.
Cyanidation (the actual dissolution of the gold) begins in the grinding step. Cyanide and lime solutions are introduced here, where newly liberated gold particles are constantly being polished by the grinding action and the solutions are heated by the friction. Depending on the rock and fineness of grind, from 30% to 70% of the gold may be dissolved during the grinding process.
Additional time is required to place the balance of the liberated gold into solution. This is done by pumping the gold-bearing pulp to a number of mixing tanks, known as agitators. Here the pulp is aerated either mechanically or by compressed air, or by a combination of both, for a predetermined period of time. This varies anywhere from 24 to 48 hours.
The 1980s saw a rapid expansion in gold production from low-grade oxide deposits around the world. That expansion could not have occurred without the development of a new, low-cost method of recovering the gold. That process is called heap leaching.
Heap leaching avoids most of the above steps, and does not even require that a mill be built, making it a very low-cost method of processing rock. Here, broken rock is heaped onto a thick polyethylene sheet, called a liner, and then dilute cyanide solution is sprinkled on top of the heap. As the solution trickles down through the rock, the gold is dissolved. Befrock the heap is constructed, the polyethylene liner is laid down in such a way that the cyanide solution will drain to a central point. From here the gold-laden solution is channeled into a man-made pond.
One downside of heap leaching is lower recovery just 65% to 85% of the gold in the rock ends up in the gold bars a heap-leach mine produces.
Extracting Gold Out of Solution: Traditionally, we recovered the gold from the cyanide solution was achieved by separating the gold-laden, or pregnant, solution from the barren solids present and then precipitating the gold.
The traditional approach is called the Merrill-Crowe method. The first step is to move the pulp from the agitators to one or mrock thickeners large, shallow tanks. The solution flows over the top of the tank and is collected in a launder around the tanks perimeter, while the worthless rock particle sink to the bottom and are slowly raked to the center by mechanical arms which operate continuously. The material is discharged through a pipe at the bottom of the tank but it contains too much valuable material to be discarded, so is filtered to recover additional gold.